+ ~ -
 
Please report pronunciation problems here. Select and sample other voices. Options Pause Play
 
Report an Error
Go!
 
Go!
 
TOC
 

THE HARVEST OF GOLD.

THREE years ago, one Mr. Smith, a gentleman
engaged in iron-works in Australia,
made his appearance at the Government House,
Sydney, with a lump of gold. He offered, for
a large sum of money, to point out where
he had got it, and where more was to be
found in abundance. The Government,
however, thinking that this might be no more
than a device, and that the lump produced
might, in reality, have come from California,
declined to buy a gold field in the dark, but
advised Mr. Smith to unfold his tale, and
leave his payment to the liberality of Government.
This Mr. Smith refused to do, and
there the matter ended.

On the third of April, 1851, Mr. Hargraves,
who had recently returned from California,
addressed the Government, stating that the
result of his experience in that country had
led him to expect gold in Australia; that
the results of his exploring had been highly
satisfactory; and that for the sum of five
hundred pounds he would point out the
precious districts. The same answer was
returned that had disposed of Mr. Smith, but
with an opposite effect; for Mr. Hargraves
declaring himself "satisfied to leave the
remuneration for his discovery to the liberal
consideration of the Government," at once
named the districts, which were Lewis Ponds,
Summer-Hill Creek, and Macquarie River, in
Bathurst and Wellingtonthe present Ophir.
Mr. Hargraves was directed to place himself
at once in communication with the Government
Surveyor.

Meantime, the news began to be whispered
about. A man who appeared in Bathurst
with a lump of gold worth thirty pounds,
which he had picked up, created a great
sensation, and numbers hastened to see
whether they could not do likewise. The
Commissioner of Crown Lands became alarmed.
He warned all those who had commenced
their search, of the illegality of their
proceedings, and made earnest application for
efficient assistance, imagining that the doings
in California were to be repeated in Bathurst,
and that pillage and murder were to be the
order of the day. The Government
immediately took active measures for the
maintenance of order. Troops were despatched to
the Gold fields, and the Inspector-General of
Police received a discretionary power to
employ what force he thought proper.

Great was the excitement in Sydney upon
the confirmation of all this intelligence. Hasty
partings, deserted desks, and closed shops,
multiplied in number. Every imaginable
mode of conveyance was resorted to, and
hundreds set off on foot.

On the fourteenth of May, the Government
Surveyor reported that in communication with
Mr. Hargraves, he had visited the before-
mentioned districts, and after three hours'
examination, " had seen quite enough:" — gold
was everywhere plentiful.

A Proclamation was at once issued,
forbidding any person to dig without a license,
setting forth divers pains and penalties for
disobedience. Licenses were to be obtained
upon the spot, at the rate of thirty shillings
per month, liable to future alteration. No
licenses were granted to any one who could
not produce a certificate of discharge from his
last service, or otherwise give a satisfactory
account of himself; and the descriptions of
such as were refused were registered. A
small body of mounted police were at the
same time organised, who were paid at the
somewhat curious rate of three shillings and
threepence per day, with rations, and lodgings
when they could be procured. Fortunately,
there was no attempt at disturbance, for the
Governor in a despatch states, " that the rush
of people (most of them armed) was so great,
that had they been disposed to resist, the
whole of the troops and police would have
been unable to cope with them." The licenses,
too, were all cheerfully paid for, either in
coin or gold.

On the third of June, Mr, Hargraves (who,
in the meantime, had received a responsible
appointment) underwent an examination before
the Legislative Council, when he stated that
he was led to search in the neighbourhood of
Bathurst, by observing the similarity of the
country to California. He found gold as soon
as he dismounted. He found it everywhere;
rode from the head of the Turon River to
its confluence with the Macquarie, about one
hundred miles; found gold over the whole
extent; afterwards found it all along the
Macquarie. " Bathurst," observed Mr.
Hargraves, "is the most extraordinary place I

Profile Information

Application afterLoad: 0.000 seconds, 0.27 MB
Application afterInitialise: 0.013 seconds, 0.99 MB
Application afterRoute: 0.016 seconds, 2.05 MB
Application afterDispatch: 0.059 seconds, 3.59 MB
Application afterRender: 0.098 seconds, 3.92 MB

Memory Usage

4139688

21 queries logged

  1. SELECT *
      FROM jos_session
      WHERE session_id = 'e7cb523b9c0f68baf127dda86b2bc7bd'
  2. DELETE
      FROM jos_session
      WHERE ( TIME < '1660147552' )
  3. SELECT *
      FROM jos_session
      WHERE session_id = 'e7cb523b9c0f68baf127dda86b2bc7bd'
  4. INSERT INTO `jos_session` ( `session_id`,`time`,`username`,`gid`,`guest`,`client_id` )
      VALUES ( 'e7cb523b9c0f68baf127dda86b2bc7bd','1660149352','','0','1','0' )
  5. SELECT *
      FROM jos_components
      WHERE parent = 0
  6. SELECT folder AS TYPE, element AS name, params
      FROM jos_plugins
      WHERE published >= 1
      AND access <= 0
      ORDER BY ordering
  7. SELECT id
      FROM jos_toc_pages
      WHERE alias = 'page-213'
  8. SELECT id
      FROM jos_toc_pages
      WHERE alias = 'page-213'
  9. SELECT *
      FROM jos_toc_pages
      WHERE id = '274'
  10. UPDATE jos_toc_pages
      SET hits = ( hits + 1 )
      WHERE id='274'
  11. SELECT template
      FROM jos_templates_menu
      WHERE client_id = 0
      AND (menuid = 0 OR menuid = 78)
      ORDER BY menuid DESC
      LIMIT 0, 1
  12. SELECT *
      FROM jos_toc_pages
      WHERE alias = 'page-213'
      AND id_volume = 7
  13. SELECT *
      FROM jos_toc_volumes
      WHERE id = '7'
  14. SELECT *
      FROM jos_toc_magazines
      WHERE id = '120'
  15. SELECT id, title,alias
      FROM jos_toc_pages
      WHERE  id_volume = 7
      ORDER BY ordering ASC
  16. SELECT id, DATE, id_page
      FROM jos_toc_magazines
      WHERE  id_volume = 7
      ORDER BY ordering ASC
  17. SELECT *
      FROM jos_toc_parameter
      WHERE `group` = 'voice'
  18. SELECT *
      FROM jos_toc_parameter
      WHERE `group` = 'voice'
  19. SELECT id, title,alias
      FROM jos_toc_pages
      WHERE id_volume = 7
      AND ordering > 223
      ORDER BY ordering ASC
      LIMIT 1
  20. SELECT id, title,alias
      FROM jos_toc_pages
      WHERE id_volume = 7
      AND ordering < 223
      ORDER BY ordering DESC
      LIMIT 1
  21. SELECT id, title, module, POSITION, content, showtitle, control, params
      FROM jos_modules AS m
      LEFT JOIN jos_modules_menu AS mm
      ON mm.moduleid = m.id
      WHERE m.published = 1
      AND m.access <= 0
      AND m.client_id = 0
      AND ( mm.menuid = 78 OR mm.menuid = 0 )
      ORDER BY POSITION, ordering

Language Files Loaded

Untranslated Strings Diagnostic

None

Untranslated Strings Designer

None